Month: April 2024

Vague Identity: A Uniform Approach

Xinhe Wu

There are numerous apparent examples of vague identity, i.e., examples where two objects appear to be neither determinately identical nor determinately distinct. Philosophers disagree on whether the source of vagueness in identity is semantic or ontic/metaphysical. In this talk, I explore the use of Boolean-valued models as a many-valued semantic framework for identity. I argue that this semantics works well with both a semantic and ontic conception of vague identity. I also discuss, in the context of Boolean-valued logic, responses to the Evans’ argument under the two conceptions.

Modal QUARC and Barcan

Jonas Raab

I develop a modal extension of the Quantified Argument Calculus (QUARC)—a novel logical system introduced by Hanoch Ben-Yami. QUARC is meant to better capture the logic of natural language. The purpose of this paper is to develop a variable domain semantics for modal QUARC (M-QUARC), and to show that even if the usual restrictions are imposed on models with variable domains, M-QUARC-analogues of the Barcan and Converse Barcan formulas still are not validated. I introduce new restrictions—restrictions on the extension of the predicates—and show that with these in place, the Barcan and Converse Barcan formulas are valid. The upshot is that M-QUARC sheds light on the in-/validity of such formulas.